Cashmere is one of the most precious and noble existing fibers .
Cashmere is a hair obtained from the processing of the mantle of Capra hircus , native to the highlands of Ladakh and Tibet, in the Himalayas , at an altitude of about 4000 meters. Today, this specific breed, it is raised in numerous countries including Tibet , China, Mongolia , Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan . The aforementioned goat produces a fiber particularly fine , soft and warm which allows it to survive even at temperatures of -40 ? C. Is reared extensively , as it is able to exploit poor pastures with shrubs and weeds, easily adapting to different environments breeding .
In spring there is the tosa and his hair is washed and egiarrati . More 's dehairing is well made and the final product is more pure , hairless blacks and jars .
After the dehairing we can calculate that a goat produces only about 100 g . of cashmere fiber used and another 10% or so, then is lost in spinning .
So , it is clear , that to produce a mesh of medium thickness , it is necessary the annual production of at least 3 or more of cashmere goats . In comparison with the wool , although valuable , cashmere is much more bright, shiny , soft and isothermal . Analyzing a microscope the hair of the cashmere , you notice that it has the appearance of a tube . The wool , however, presents the sections serrated , with washing, tend to get caught between them infeltrendosi . The coat of cashmere , such as human hair , being tubico smooth and does not felt ... did you ever hear of a person to whom you are making a felted hair shampoo ? The standard for the classification of beauty and therefore the price of raw cashmere is similar , in some respects , to that of diamonds. Are classified in fact, the color, clarity , finesse and length. More cashmere will be clear, without jars , hair blacks , thin and long , the more its price will be high .
PEELING THE CASHMERE
For peeling refers to the production of those " balls " because of the rubbing surface of very small fibers that escape from the wire because they do not completely fixed by the twisting .
We often tend to have a misconception of the peeling thinking it's a quality defect . In fact, this is a feature common and absolutely normal cashmere and fine wool.
In the realization of a pure cashmere sweater you should always compromises have to be : in fact, has always been faced with the dilemma that forces you to choose between favoring the softness or tighten the wire, to prevent the release of those fibers , that with the continuous use , causing peeling . The more the wire is twisted , so the more closed , the more will become less soft and swollen , to the point of resembling a string. In contrast, the use of a yarn swollen , soft and light , obtained with a few turns of twist , will lead to the creation of a delicate mesh , which will ruin within a short time .
We prefer to make a twisting medium / high priority for the duration and stability of the leaders , so sometimes our sweaters are soft , but surely, wash after wash , it will become more and any slight peeling , it will disappear completely after 2 or 3 washes. More fibers are thinner and have tendency to peel : a mesh into " shetland " ( ordinary wool ) will certainly have less of a problem 's extra-fine merino or cashmere.
WAYS TO MINIMIZE THE PEELING
? Do not wear a shirt more than 2/3 days in a row .
? Wash it as often as possible , cashmere loves the water ! The goats live in difficult conditions , often outdoors and in the rain. The fibers , bathing , while loosening react when they dry , they return to their original state . In this way your cashmere knit will be renewed each washing.
? What is worn over the head of every knitting should have a smooth finish with no labels or accessories not particularly prominent. It is recommended that attention in daily habits , even the most ordinary , for example , do not bring a pen or hard objects in your pockets , in order to avoid as much as possible the phenomenon of peeling . Our morphology and our habits have a decisive influence on the duration of our jerseys .
GAUGES - SECURITIES OF CASHMERE
In the textile industry the title is the size that defines the fineness of a yarn , from the Latin titulus .
In Europe , the title of the standard 100 % cashmere is the 2/28.000 : this means , that is made with two threads twisted together in a unique and which develop for a length of 28,000 per kilogram. The higher the title, the more the fiber should be long , also for technical reasons of processing. To realize a title 1/16.000 1/9.000 or even , for example, use may be made of cashmere selections that can cost less than half of those used for the title 2/28.000 .
In China it is normally used the title 2/26.000 that is seemingly very similar to the European 2/28.000 , but experts know that just a simple change like this to account for more than 30% on the price of the raw material .
To make a mesh , which weighs 300 g . will be used then 16,800 m . ( 16.80 km) of wire.
We, for our meshes 100 % Cashmere, use fineness of about 14micron , with an average length of 46 mm and a spinning with a title of 2/28.000 .